>> Food Substitutes
Recipe Ingredient Substitutes
Here's some quick recipe substitutes for those times when you think you have all the ingredients.
For instance, when you get ready to make a dessert and it calls for a can of sweetened condensed milk and you haven't any, you don't have to run out to the store to get some. Just make some!
I didn't have potatoes, so I substituted rice.
I didn't have paprika, so I used another spice.
I didn't have tomato sauce, I used tomato paste...
A whole can, not a half can... I don't believe in waste.
A friend gave me the recipe, she said you couldn't beat it,
There must have been something wrong with her, I couldn't even EAT it!
Allspice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
Almond Bark = See this recipe
Apple pie spice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg and 1/8 teaspoon cardamom
Baking powder - 1 teaspoon = 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 5/8 teaspoon cream of tartar
Baking powder - 1 teaspoon = 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 cup buttermilk or sour milk (decrease liquid by 1/2 cup)
Baking powder - 1 teaspoon = 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice used with sweet milk to make 1/2 cup liquid (decrease liquid by 1/2 cup)
Bread crumbs 1/3 cup, dry = 1 slice bread
Bread crumbs 1/3 cup, dry = 1/4 cup, soft 1 slice bread
Bread crumbs 1/3 cup, dry = 1/4 cup cracker crumbs or 1/4 cup cornmeal
Bay leaf - 1 whole = 1/4 teaspoon crushed
Broth - 1 cup = 1 bouillon cube
Broth - 1 cup = 1 teaspoon powdered bouillon in 1 cup boiling water
Bouillon - 1 cube = 1 teaspoon powdered bouillon
Bell Pepper - 1 tablespoon dried = 3 tablespoon fresh chopped
Butter - 1 cup = 7/8 cup shortening or 7/8 cup oil or 1 cup margarine
Oil is not a direct substitute for solid fats in baked products. Use recipes formulated for oil if a product made with oil is desired.
Buttermilk - the same amount of yogurt can replace buttermilk, or 1 tsp lemon juice added to a cup of milk. Wait 5 min to use.
Light Brown Sugar - 1 cup = 1 cup white sugar and 1 teaspoon molasses
Dark Brown Sugar - 1 cup = 1 cup white sugar and 1 tablespoon molasses
Catsup - 1 cup = 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup sugar and 2 tablespoon vinegar (for cooking use)
Chocolate - 1 ounce= 3 tablespoon cocoa + 1 tablespoon shortening
Chocolate chips - 1 ounce = 1 ounce sweet cooking semi-sweet chocolate
Chocolate - 1 ounce = 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoons fat
Cocoa - 1/4 cup = 1 ounce chocolate and omit 1/2 tablespoon fat
Condensed Milk = See this recipe
Corn syrup - 1 cup = 1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
Cracker crumbs - 3/4 cup = 1 cup bread crumbs
Cornstarch - 1 tablespoon = 2 tablespoons flour
Egg - 1 whole = 3 tablespoons beaten egg
Egg - 1 whole = 2 egg whites or 2 egg yolks
Egg - 1 whole = 1/4 cup egg substitute
Flour, for thickening - 1 tablespoon = 1/2 tablespoon cornstarch
Flour, for baking - 1 cup sifted = 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons unsifted flour
Flour, for cooking - 1 cup sifted = 3/4 cup whole wheat flour and 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
Flour for cake - 1 cup = 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Flour, self-rising - 1 cup = 1 cup minus 2 teaspoons flour plus 1-1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt
Garlic - 1 clove = 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
Garlic - 1 clove = 1 teaspoon chopped garlic
Ginger - 1/8 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon raw ginger
Honey - 1 cup = 1 1/4 cups sugar and 1/4 cup liquid
Horseradish - 1 tablespoon fresh = 2 tablespoons prepared
Lemon Juice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon vinegar
Lemon - 1 whole = 3 tablespoons juice plus 2 teaspoons rind
Lemon rind - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon extract
Marshmallow Creme = See
Milk - Believe it or not, 1 1/2 lbs of zucchini, peeled and pureed, will replace 2 cups of milk when baking.
Onion - 1 small = 1 tablespoon instant minced
Onion powder - 1 tablespoon = 1 medium onion chopped
Pumpkin pie spice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, 1/8 teaspoon allspice & 1/8 teaspoon nutmeg
Sweetened Condensed Milk = See
Sour Cream = 3/4 cup sour milk and 1/3 cup butter or use plain yogurt
Sugar, white - 1 cup = 1 cup packed brown sugar
Sugar, white - 1 cup = 1 cup honey minus 1/4 cup liquid in recipe
Shortening, 1 cup = 1 cup and 2 tablespoons butter or margarine
Tomatoes, fresh - 2 cups, chopped = 16 ounce can, drained
Tomato sauce - 2 cups = 1 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
Vinegar -1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice
Yeast - 1 package = 1 cake yeast
Yeast - 1 package = 1 tablespoon dry yeast
Oven Temperatures for Old Recipes
- SLOW OVEN = 250 to 325 degrees
- MODERATE OVEN = 350 to 375 degrees
- HOT OVEN = 400 to 450 degrees
- VERY HOT OVEN = 450 to 500 degrees
My Note: For a long time I was reading recipes that would say, "Cook in Moderate oven until done," and I couldn't ever find out what the different oven temperatures were for. Well, surprise, I finally found a clue to the oven temperatures. It was in a Rapid City SD recipe book from 1970.
-Make your own Dry Mixes and Seasonings
-Weights and measures guide.
-How to Measure Ingredients and Oven Temperatures